More Suggestions for Supporting Productive Struggle.
The NCTM books titled Taking Action (NCTM 2017) suggest five different ways to respond to student struggle with only two of them being effective in supporting productive struggle. The five different ways to respond are described below.
The first two ways, telling and directed guidance, tend to lower the cognitive demands of a task by turning a task that initially required reasoning and problem solving into one that requires only recalling facts or carrying out a procedure with no connection to meaning. Numbers three and four are effective in supporting productive struggle as both probing guidance and affordance tend to maintain the cognitive demands of the task. Find ways this week to respond more consistently with these two effective ways of support and watch your students’ struggles become productive.